Likelihood of Contracting HIV

There are only a handful of activities that put you at risk of contracting HIV. This is because the virus is not airborne and can only be transmitted through bodily fluids.


In this article we address some of the concerns around the likelihood of contracting HIV


liklihood of contracting HIV

These activities are: Unprotected sexual intercourse, sharing needles, breastfeeding and/or direct blood to blood contact with an HIV positive person.

You are not at risk of contracting HIV if you hug or kiss someone, or share cups, drink bottles or utensils with someone. Body fluids like saliva, sweat or urine do not contain enough of the virus to infect another person.

One of the most common ways to pass on HIV is through unprotected sex with a person living with HIV. The risk factors of this change for different groups and are dependent on different circumstances. Here, gay and bisexual men are the most at-risk group, followed by the African Community.

What sexual activities place you at risk of contracting HIV?

  • Anal sex without a condom (receptive/bottom) – Anal sex without a condom is the highest risk activity for contracting HIV. This is because of the biology of the anus which is designed to absorb nutrients into the bloodstream from food passing through. This means it can absorb the HIV virus from infected semen. There is also a very high concentration of cells in the anus that are especially vulnerable to HIV infection, unlike other parts of the body.
  • Anal sex without a condom (insertive/top) – HIV is more easily transmitted from the insertive to the receptive partner, but neither position is safe. During sex, the lining of the rectum of the receptive partner (‘bottom’) can get damaged and HIV can enter the bloodstream of the insertive partner either through the eye of the penis or through small cuts on the skin.
  • Vaginal sex without a condom (receptive) – While not as extreme of a risk as anal sex, vaginal sex without a condom still poses a high risk of passing on HIV from infected semen or pre-cum. The virus can be transmitted through the lining of the vagina and absorbed into the bloodstream.
  • Vaginal sex without a condom (insertive) – While being the insertive partner in vaginal sex carries less risk than being receptive, HIV in infected vaginal fluids can still enter a man’s body through the tip of his penis, the inner folds of his foreskin, or through small cuts on the skin.
  • Oral sex – Oral sex presents a very low risk of HIV transmission. There is an enzyme in saliva that acts as a natural defence to HIV. Having an open and bleeding wound in your mouth does increase the risk of oral HIV transmission slightly, but there would need to be a significant amount of semen containing a high HIV viral load coming into direct contact with the wound. If the wound were very minor, it’s unlikely that this would happen.
  • Masturbation/hand job/wanking – HIV cannot be passed on through skin to skin contact, e.g., from someone’s hands or lips touching a penis or vagina.

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Other risk factors:

Needles: Blood to blood transmission most commonly occurs when a needle is shared between injecting drug users, where one user is HIV positive. Due to the work of Needle Exchanges across the country, this is no longer a regular occurrence and the risk factor for intravenous drug users has been largely reduced.

Donating Blood: Visit our donating blood page for more information about your rights and safety around blood transfusions and HIV.

Vertical transmission: This describes HIV transmission from mother to child. It is one of the more common risk factors in developing countries, but due to technology and medical screening, it’s a very rare occurrence.

 

For More Info on the Likelihood of Contracting HIV

Herpes Home Remedies

Herpes Symptoms and Treatment

Millions of people have been infected with a form of herpes, but many of them don’t know it. As a result they continue to spread it to other people. Knowing the various symptoms of the virus to be on the lookout for is important. They are too often dismissed as jock itch or a yeast infection. You should see a doctor if you experience the various symptoms of herpes. This is a very serious virus that you need to get treatment for as soon as possible.

DID YOU KNOW?

There are actually allot of Herpes Home Remedies click here for more info on Herpes Home Remedies

Since there are many forms of herpes the symptoms will vary in severity. The immune system of the individual also plays a role in how terrible their outbreaks will be. Both the oral and genital forms of herpes are the same just in different locations. This being said you can give someone genital herpes by offering them oral sex while you have an outbreak on your lips.

Those blisters found on the lips known as cold sores are definitely a form of herpes. Many people don’t realize that so they continue engaging in sexual behaviors and kissing other people. Even a very small cold sore can result in the herpes virus being spread to someone else.

Some of the common symptoms of herpes include redness, sores, blisters, puffiness, and bumps. They may be quite visible or very mild so they level of discomfort is going to vary by individual. The outbreaks from herpes are going to come and go in cycles. You may get an outbreak every 20-25 days that lasts 5-7 days. You may go months before you get an outbreak that lasts for a couple of days. Common triggers of outbreaks include drinking excessively and abusing drugs.

In the most severe cases of herpes the symptoms include pain, cuts, and discharge from either the penis or the vagina that have a heavy smell to them. There may even be pain that occurs when the person urinates. Check the glands at the back of the neck to see if they are swollen as this too is a symptom of herpes. The various symptoms a person experiences can be different each time they experience an outbreak.

Since there is no cure for herpes the best someone can do is protect themselves from contracting it. This includes safe sex if you or your partner are also engaging in the activity with someone else. If you do contract herpes you need to see your doctor for medication to help control the outbreaks. It is also your duty to tell those you have been sexually active with about it so they can get checked as well.

If you found this information on Herpes Symptoms useful, you’ll also want to read about Herpes Cure